Dispute between Russia and the WTO: possible arguments in favor of the progressivity of recycling fee
Recycling fee for wheeled vehicles, which was introduced in Russia aimed at environmental protection, depends positively on the vehicle’s production year and engine size. A number of countries challenged the compliance of the recycling fee in the WTO Dispute Settlement Body,
claiming that it is a hidden tool to protect Russia’s car industry. The paper is devoted to the analysis of the arguments for relationship between the recycling fee and the vehicle’s age and engine size. Also, other factors that influence the vehicles recycling value and compensation for its ecological damage are considered.
Importance of the WTO decisions for the development of international trade
The article contains the analysis of the important economic decisions approved at the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, which resulted in the establishment of the WTO, and later. While the majority of the decisions improve the existing agreements for the WTO members,
especially the General Agreement on Trade in Services, some of the other decisions have laid the foundations for new Agreements, for instance, concerning interdependence of international trade and environment. In the concluding part of the article the decisions adopted at the Ninth
Ministerial Conference in December 2013 are analyzed. Besides the author makes conclusions, which could be useful for business, professional unions and governmental organizations of Russia seeking to increase the effectiveness of the participation of Russia in the WTO, taking into account the decision-making procedures and the orientation of the decisions to be adopted.
Case Analysis in Logistics
Focusing in the procurement function operated in a SCM environment, this paper presents results of a research project conducted to (1) develop a framework for the implementation of changes in procurement structures oriented to enhance competitiveness of the SC and minimize the Transfer Pricing compliance issues, and (2) develop a flowchart to apply the framework for implementation of changes in the procurement structure of a Multinational Enterprise. The notion of companies´ relations with suppliers and customers as external forces to work with using the firm´s resources as business strategy enabler, provides a wide theoretical reference used as analytical tool. The complexity of the phenomenon explored in this research reveals a network type structure of the existing relations among decision-making level, operational or execution level at functional unit (in this analysis procurement) and organizational structure changes for procurement functions. Results for the first research objective, suggest the presence of two dimensions of organizational change (1) a general perspective of change at organization level (general organizational structure) and the specific dimension at organizational unit level (procurement or other). This network vision is a useful tool for top management level (CEO, etc) to understand the magnitude of change required to implement a new business strategy as well as the impact of it on the full organization. For implementation framework and implementation flowchart development, derived data analysis of the two major surveys on the matter was done to identify main procurement processes and activities performed by the correspondent organizational unit. The exemplification (or hypothesis testing in quantitative studies) is done using a case study developed for a company in Latin America that perform a simple industrial process. Application of results in the case study provide evidence that he framework developed throughout the research study served to systematically guide the implementation of structural changes in the procurement structure of an organization.
Russia’s accession to the OECD: features of chemicals legislative harmonization
The study analyzes the OECD international standards for chemicals regulation. The author considers to what extent the legislation in Russia meets the requirements of the OECD and formulates specific tasks that are needed to be accomplished in order to bring the Russian legislation into harmony with the OECD standards as well as to speed up the process of Russia’s accession to this international organization. Accomplishment of the tasks will allow Russia to get approval from the OECD Chemicals Committee and will make a positive impact on the overall assessment of the OECD Council on Russia’s readiness to access the OECD.
Russian foreign economic relations
Russia’s participation in multilateral export control regimes as a tool to protect the interests of Russian exporters
The article considers the use of export controls as a non-tariff regulatory measure. It contains information on the existing multilateral export control regimes (the Nuclear Suppliers Group, the Zangger Committee, the Missile Technology Control Regime, the Australia Group, the Wassenaar
Arrangement), on major elements (legislation, lists, license, law enforcement) and common functioning principles of national export control systems of all countries, on the Russian export control system. The authors clarify the terms ‘Catch-all’ and ‘Catch-more’, explain the importance
of Russian participation in multilateral export control regimes and suggest a measure to undercut negative influence of export controls on Russian exporters.
Export control in the Russian Federation
The article explains the concept and essence of export control in the Russian Federation as a member state of the Customs Union of the Eurasian Economic Community and the purpose of export control functions of state structures in the system of export control. Analyzes the legal framework of export controls in the Russian Federation. The rationale for the approach to a broader interpretation of the concept of export controls, and provides recommendations to improve the export control by Member States of the Customs Union, focused on creating a single economic space. The authors analyze the impact of the lack of a single export control by Member States of the Customs Union.
Issues of improving the commodity structure of Russian imports
The author gives analysis of a current state of commodity structure of import as a whole and on separate positions - cars and the equipment, raw materials is given, to production of the chemical industry. The main strategic objectives are proved and determined by increase of efficiency
of import of the Russian Federation. In particular it is offered to realize two strategic tasks: to reduce a consumer orientation of import (it is offered to reduce or completely to stop purchase of production which doesn’t promote providing economic, including food security of the country); and to reduce import to the country of those goods which are expedient for making within the country, and to satisfy demand for them within import substitution. At the same time the offer to increase import to the country of the equipment for processing of agricultural raw materials and
foodstuff moves forward.
Adjustment of export support system: principles and approaches
This article analyzes development of system of the state support of export to the Russian Federation. During the analysis the reasons of its insufficient inefficiency are established, the principles of its adjustment and a way of elimination of limiting factors are offered, and also priorities are established, the list of the directions and the main actions of new ≪road map≫ of support of export is described. The author conducts research of the mechanism of support of export in regions, and also new documents of the state organizations in this area and makes recommendations about improvement of the mechanism of support of export of processed production by the Russian enterprises, emphasizes value of activity of Export insurance agency of Russia which started issue of insurance policies to exporters.
Russia’s accession to the OECD: problems and prospects
The article deals with the prospects of relations between Russia and the OECD. It analyzes the main problems in the accession negotiations, and explains the conflict between the regulations and practices adopted in the OECD and Russia. The article reveals the issue of the expected benefits to Russia from accession to the OECD. Among them are involvement of strong R&D capacity of the organization, counteraction of offshore zones activities, strengthening tax cooperation between member countries, coordination of corporate governance and other important matters.
Export opportunities of Siberia
The article describes the foreign economic activity of the Siberian Federal District of Russian Federation in the current conditions. Made a rating of the Siberian Federal District’s share of exports. By means of a rating on the regions’ export potential, derived a region with the best export climate in Siberian Federal District of Russian Federation. The article is devoted to the analysis reasons for the success of foreign economic activity of the Novosibirsk region. The article attempts to trace dynamics of the volume of turnover of the Novosibirsk region in exports of machinery, equipment and vehicles in the XXI century. The findings are based on customs statistical studies and outputs, and other official sources.
12 - 2019